Apa Yang Dimaksud Dengan Modernisasi
Modernization is changing something that remains not yet advanced to something more advanced. Modernization remains intended to improve and achieve a more advanced, developed, quality, and prosperous form of society.
According to Soerjono Soekanto, modernization is social changes regarding social norms, social values, the structure of institutions, patterns of social behavior, and all aspects of social life.
Apart from Soerjono Soekanto, others define modernization, which can remain seen from several fields. That person is Anthony Giddens, who wrote about the institutional dimensions of modernity in his book The Consequences of Modernity and divided the dimensions of modernism into four parts: Capitalism, Industrialism, Surveillance Capability, and Military Power.
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So now you know what modernization is, right? Well, modernization doesn’t just happen; they really want to exist because humans are creatures who are never satisfied.
If you think about it, why did it use to be so difficult for us to meet someone far away, but now you just press video call, and you can immediately connect with the person you miss. That is the impact of modernization.
Therefore, humans always want to discover something new. So, it is not impossible that there will be new things that will fulfill human satisfaction in the future.
The following are the conditions for modernization, according to Soerjono Soekanto.
Modernization remain also caused by our participation in accepting and looking for something new and wanting acceleration in doing everything.
Modern societal changes, including social, economic and psychological elements, characterize the characteristics of modernization. The following are several characteristics of modernization summarized from various sources.
Modernization remain influenced by several driving factors, namely as follows.
Have you ever seen people around us who pay attention to themselves? People who are cool and calm don’t pay attention to the symptoms and commotion of this world, that’s rare, right? Nowadays, many people are ambitious about pursuing something, well, these are the people nowadays who are normal in modern society according to Talcott Parson.
Apart from that, Parson also added that today’s society, apart from those included in the statement above, is a society that has remained directed to become divided according to their respective specializations, such as in the field of work.
People now also think objectively and rationally. It definitely has an impact on everything in society, of course.
Modernization causes all elements in society to experience progress and change. Like in this economic system, it’s easier for us to shop and make transactions now with online payments and easy transfers. That is the impact of globalization.
There are also changes in different social systems such as how easy it is for us to interact. Changes in the political field with the current democratic system in place. The field of education is very interesting because learning remains no longer focused on books but on learning videos, infographics, or many other things that help us to learn.
In the field of technology and information, it can remain seen from the development of telecommunications. From the health sector, where medical equipment is already sophisticated, or in the agricultural sector. Which no longer uses buffalo or traditional tools, but rather sophisticated machines. It’s all part of the emergence of modernism.
Apart from the convenience we get from the things described above which help us do everything easily, Modernization also has a negative side!
Like the many crimes that occur due to the reduction in available jobs, global warming occurs due to consuming machines that produce excessive emissions and damage nature. People don’t care about one society or another, which in the end is very individualistic, and also technology-based crimes such as cyber crime exist today because of modernization.
Modernization can occur in various fields. The following are examples of modernization in the economic, political, social, trade, cultural, transportation and agricultural fields.
So, that explains modernization and everything caused by modernization in society. Modernization causes many changes around us, both positive and negative. So, society should respond wisely to everything caused by modernization.
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